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Printed Electronics and the Automatic Identification of Objects
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Printed Electronics and the Automatic Identification of Objects
An Investigation of the Emerging and Developing Technologies Related to the Generation Beyond Print-on-Paper

Michael L. Kleper

The printing industry is about to enter a new age, one that may redefine, at least in part, its purpose and its product. Recent advances in material science now make it possible to use printing processes to produce electronic components and devices—with the potential to do so inexpensively and in great number. Printing, as a form of precise patterning, offers the greatest hope for enabling the “Internet of Things,” a phase of technological evolution in which everyday objects in the environment incorporate some degree of intelligence.

Printed Electronics and the Automatic Identification of Objects provides a comprehensive overview of this topic. The purposes of this report are to: • Communicate advances that are likely to enable the use of printing for the manufacture of electronic devices. • Identify the materials and processes that will be used in the manufacture of printed electronics. • Provide detailed information about intelligent documents and smart labels and the innovative uses of paper. • Report on developments in the automatic identification of objects and the potential opportunities that may await the printing industry in the manufacture of components of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags. • Survey the field in regard to the implementation of an RFID infrastructure to support the consumer goods supply chain and the potential for printing all or part of an RFID tag.

About the Author: Michael L. Kleper is the Paul and Louise Miller Distinguished Professor in the School of Print Media, Rochester Institute of Technology.

Contents: Abstract • Introduction • Printing Is Patterning • Method • THE AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION OF OBJECTS: • Printing UPC Bar Codes • Why RFID Will Replace UPC • RFID Tag Construction • RFID Infrastructure • The Economic Benefits and Burden • Active RFID Tags • RFID Tag Frequencies • RFID Tag Communication • RFID and Paper Manufacturers • RFID Smart Cards (Contactless Smart Cards) • Alien Technology • The Hitachi µ-Chip (mu-chip) • Enhanced RFID Tags • Product Integrity: Counterfeiting • Smart Packaging • Smart Documents • Smart RFID Labels • Animal Tracking and Control • The RFID Push from the Market • RFID Field Trials • RFID and Privacy • Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS) • Identifying and Tagging Everything • Chipless RFID • PRINTED ELECTRONICS AND RFID: • Offset Lithography • Screen Printing • Soft Lithography • Gravure • Flexography • Letterpress • Inkjet • Electrostatic Printing • Standards for Printed Electronics • Inks for Printing Electronic Structures • Flint Ink • Parelec • Acheson Colloids Company • Dow COMMOTION • The Printed Antenna Project at RIT • Organic Semiconductor Inks • Polymer-Based Electronics • Plastic Logic • Crosslink Polymer Research • Printed Electronics: Materials • Paper++ • Agfa Orgacon • PAELLA • Power Paper • Printed Electronics Forces at Play • Principal Stakeholders • Silicon State • Market Segmentation • Materials Producers • Electronics Printing Presses • R&D • Spinoffs • Ubiquitious Computing and Society • THE SURVEY OF THE FUTURE FOR RFID TAGGING • Appendix: Survey Instrument • Endnotes • References

Specs: 66 pp., 8.5x11-in. perfect bound, ISBN 0883624893, copyright 2004.